What animation taught me about storytelling…
Good animation tells a story by showing emotion, the same as fiction. This image of Thumper (from Walt Disney’s “Bambi”) is a perfect example. You can tell Thumper’s been reprimanded by his slumped posture, his held behind his back, his ears laid back, and his head tilted downward.
Likewise, in this next image (also from Bambi) it’s obvious the two skunks are infatuated with each other by their posture, how they hold their hands and look at one another. Good storytelling immerses you in the lives of the characters, so that you feel what they are feeling.
The Walt Disney Studios developed the 12 principles of realistic character-driven animation back in the 1930′s. Those principles are still considered “standard” today. The Illusion of Life, by Frank Thomas and Ollie Johnston, is an insightful read on the history of how these principles were developed.
Writing with Emotional Impact
Writing fiction is not the same medium as animation (duh!), so the techniques a writer must use to immerse an audience are slightly different from the keys to invoking emotion in animation. But not so different. Really. I ask myself the following questions when I begin a scene. These questions are surprisingly similar to the questions an animator must resolve when animating a scene:
- What is the character thinking, and why?
- What is the character feeling, and why?
- How does the character express their feelings, and how does that vary with the different people in the scene?
- What is the arc of the character’s reaction to the circumstances?
- What are the character’s strengths and faults, and how do they manifest as a result of the circumstances?
When I understand what’s motivating a character and why, I can figure out how the character will react and what their feeling. I keep a copy of the Emotion Thesaurus handy to prevent myself from using worn out descriptions, or reusing the same ones over and over.
The following film clip is probably the best-loved scene in animation of all time … the spaghetti scene from Walt Disney’s “Lady and the Tramp”. It became famous, because we relate to the characters’ feelings (even though they’re dogs). We feel their love for each other through their nuanced looks, expressions, and gestures. Magical storytelling in action!